HL7 FHIR JP Core ImplementationGuide
1.1.1 - ci-build Japan flag

HL7 FHIR JP Core ImplementationGuide - Local Development build (v1.1.1). See the Directory of published versions

Resource Profile: JP_Observation_LabResult - XML Profile

Active as of 2022-10-24

XML representation of the jp-observation-labresult resource profile.

Raw xml | Download



<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="jp-observation-labresult"/>
  <text>
    <status value="extensions"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_resource.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation" title="Measurements and simple assertions made about a patient, device or other subject.

検体検査結果の格納に使用する。">Observation</a><a name="Observation"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-common.html">JP_Observation_Common</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">検体検査結果</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck11.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.identifier" title="A unique identifier assigned to this observation.

この検査項目に割り当てられた一意の識別子。リソースの識別子やシステム的なシーケンスではなく、ビジネスID。">identifier</a><a name="Observation.identifier"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Identifier">Identifier</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">当該検査項目に対して、施設内で割り振られる一意の識別子</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.identifier.use" title="The purpose of this identifier.

この識別子の目的。">use</a><a name="Observation.identifier.use"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#code">code</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">usual | official | temp | secondary | old (If known)</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck100.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.identifier.value" title="The portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system.

システムのコンテキスト内で一意の識別子となる文字列を設定。">value</a><a name="Observation.identifier.value"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#string">string</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">The value that is unique</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_reference.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.basedOn" title="A plan, proposal or order that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this event.  For example, a MedicationRequest may require a patient to have laboratory test performed before  it is dispensed.

このプロファイルでは、検体検査オーダに関する情報。">basedOn</a><a name="Observation.basedOn"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/servicerequest.html">ServiceRequest</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Fulfills plan, proposal or order 実施されるプラン、提案、依頼</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.partOf" title="A larger event of which this particular Observation is a component or step.  For example,  an observation as part of a procedure.

このリソースが一部として、あるいは手順の一つとして含まれるより大きなイベント。">partOf</a><a name="Observation.partOf"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-medicationadministration.html">JP Core MedicationAdministration Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-medicationadministration-injection.html">JP Core MedicationAdministration Injection Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-medicationdispensebase.html">JP Core MedicationDispenseBase Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/medicationstatement.html">MedicationStatement</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-procedure.html">JP Core Procedure Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-immunization.html">JP Core Immunization Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/imagingstudy.html">ImagingStudy</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Part of referenced event 参照されるイベントの一部分</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.status" title="The status of the result value.

結果値の状態。">status</a><a name="Observation.status"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#code">code</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">registered | preliminary | final | amended +</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck13.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Definition" class="hierarchy"/> <a style="font-style: italic" href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.category" title="A code that classifies the general type of observation being made.

行われた検査の一般的なタイプの分類。取得、表示の際のフィルタリングに使用。">Slices for category</a><a name="Observation.category"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-style: italic"/><span style="font-style: italic">1</span><span style="font-style: italic">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5; font-style: italic">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5; font-style: italic" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5; font-style: italic">Classification of  type of observation Observationの種類(タイプ)の分類</span><br style="font-style: italic"/><span style="font-weight:bold; font-style: italic">Slice: </span><span style="font-style: italic">Unordered, Open by pattern:$this</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck133.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> category:All Slices<a name="Observation.category"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">Content/Rules for all slices</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1320.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.category.coding">coding</a><a name="Observation.category.coding"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Coding">Coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Code defined by a terminology system</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck125.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice_item.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Item" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.category:laboratory" title="Slice laboratory">category:laboratory</a><a name="Observation.category"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Classification of  type of observation Observationの種類(タイプ)の分類</span><br/><span style="font-weight:bold">Required Pattern: </span><span style="color: darkgreen">At least the following</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1241.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_fixed.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Fixed Value" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes-definitions.html#CodeableConcept.coding">coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..*</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Coding">Coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">Code defined by a terminology system<br/><span style="font-weight: bold">Fixed Value: </span><span style="color: darkgreen">(complex)</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck12410.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_fixed.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Fixed Value" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes-definitions.html#Coding.system">system</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#uri">uri</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">Identity of the terminology system<br/><span style="font-weight: bold">Fixed Value: </span><span style="color: darkgreen">http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/observation-category</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck12400.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_fixed.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Fixed Value" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes-definitions.html#Coding.code">code</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#code">code</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">Symbol in syntax defined by the system<br/><span style="font-weight: bold">Fixed Value: </span><span style="color: darkgreen">laboratory</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck11.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.code" title="Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation &quot;name&quot;.

検査の内容の説明。検査名称。">code</a><a name="Observation.code"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Type of observation (code / type) observation のタイプ(コードまたはタイプ)</span><br/><span style="font-weight:bold">Binding: </span><a href="ValueSet-jp-observation-labresult-code-vs.html">JP Core Observation LabResult Code ValueSet</a> (<a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/terminologies.html#preferred" title="Instances are encouraged to draw from the specified codes for interoperability purposes but are not required to do so to be considered conformant.">preferred</a>): MEDIS 臨床検査マスター<br/><br/></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck111.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.code.coding" title="A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.

コード体系によって定義されたコードへの参照。">coding</a><a name="Observation.code.coding"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..<span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Coding">Coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Code defined by a terminology system</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.code.coding.system" title="The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.

コード体系。">system</a><a name="Observation.code.coding.system"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#uri">uri</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Identity of the terminology system</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.code.coding.code">code</a><a name="Observation.code.coding.code"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#code">code</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Symbol in syntax defined by the system</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.code.coding.display">display</a><a name="Observation.code.coding.display"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#string">string</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Representation defined by the system</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1100.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.code.coding.userSelected" title="Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - e.g. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).

このコードが利用者によって、例えば利用可能なコードの選択リストから、など、直接選択されたものであることを示す。">userSelected</a><a name="Observation.code.coding.userSelected"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#boolean">boolean</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">If this coding was chosen directly by the user</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck100.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.code.text" title="A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user.

コードの表示名。報告書などに記載する場合に使用する表示名。コードを複数指定した場合(標準コード、ローカルコード)、その一般的な表現。">text</a><a name="Observation.code.text"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..<span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#string">string</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Plain text representation of the concept</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_reference.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Reference to another Resource" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.subject" title="The patient, or group of patients, location, or device this observation is about and into whose record the observation is placed. If the actual focus of the observation is different from the subject (or a sample of, part, or region of the subject), the `focus` element or the `code` itself specifies the actual focus of the observation.

検体検査の対象となる患者。">subject</a><a name="Observation.subject"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..<span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a href="StructureDefinition-jp-patient.html">JP Core Patient Profile</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Who and/or what the observation is about 観察対象者</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.focus" title="The actual focus of an observation when it is not the patient of record representing something or someone associated with the patient such as a spouse, parent, fetus, or donor. For example, fetus observations in a mother's record.  The focus of an observation could also be an existing condition,  an intervention, the subject's diet,  another observation of the subject,  or a body structure such as tumor or implanted device.   An example use case would be using the Observation resource to capture whether the mother is trained to change her child's tracheostomy tube. In this example, the child is the patient of record and the mother is the focus.

患者当人ではなく、患者の胎児、親、ドナーなどの検査、観察の場合、その対象を示す。">focus</a><a name="Observation.focus"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/resource.html">Resource</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record subject 要素が実際のobservationの対象でない場合に、observation の対象物</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.encounter" title="The healthcare event  (e.g. a patient and healthcare provider interaction) during which this observation is made.

この検査が行われるヘルスケアイベント。医療提供者と患者の接点。">encounter</a><a name="Observation.encounter"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-encounter.html">JP Core Encounter Profile</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Healthcare event during which this observation is made このobservationが行われるヘルスケアイベント</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck11.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_choice.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Choice of Types" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.effective[x]" title="The time or time-period the observed value is asserted as being true. For biological subjects - e.g. human patients - this is usually called the &quot;physiologically relevant time&quot;. This is usually either the time of the procedure or of specimen collection, but very often the source of the date/time is not known, only the date/time itself.

検体検査の場合は、検体採取日時。">effective[x]</a><a name="Observation.effective_x_"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..<span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation 臨床的に関連する時刻または時間</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_primitive.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="Base StructureDefinition for dateTime Type: A date, date-time or partial date (e.g. just year or year + month).  If hours and minutes are specified, a time zone SHALL be populated. The format is a union of the schema types gYear, gYearMonth, date and dateTime. Seconds must be provided due to schema type constraints but may be zero-filled and may be ignored.                 Dates SHALL be valid dates.">effectiveDateTime</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#dateTime">dateTime</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="Base StructureDefinition for Period Type: A time period defined by a start and end date and optionally time.">effectivePeriod</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Period">Period</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck100.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="Base StructureDefinition for Timing Type: Specifies an event that may occur multiple times. Timing schedules are used to record when things are planned, expected or requested to occur. The most common usage is in dosage instructions for medications. They are also used when planning care of various kinds, and may be used for reporting the schedule to which past regular activities were carried out.">effectiveTiming</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Timing">Timing</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.issued" title="The date and time this version of the observation was made available to providers, typically after the results have been reviewed and verified.

この情報の発生日時。システム時刻であり、人が報告する時刻ではないことに注意。このリソースの発生時間と同じになる場合がある。">issued</a><a name="Observation.issued"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#instant">instant</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Date/Time this version was made available このバージョンが利用可能となった日時</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.performer" title="Who was responsible for asserting the observed value as &quot;true&quot;.

検査値を確認した責任者。検査実施責任者情報。">performer</a><a name="Observation.performer"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-practitioner.html">JP Core Practitioner Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-practitionerrole.html">JP Core PractitionerRole Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-organization.html">JP Core Organization Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/careteam.html">CareTeam</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-patient.html">JP Core Patient Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/relatedperson.html">RelatedPerson</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Who is responsible for the observation observationに責任をもつ者</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck13.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Definition" class="hierarchy"/> <a style="font-style: italic" href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.value[x]" title="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.

検体検査の結果として決定された情報。">value[x]</a><a name="Observation.value_x_"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-style: italic"/><span style="opacity: 0.5; font-style: italic">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5; font-style: italic">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5; font-style: italic">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-style: italic">同じ検査項目でも、システム(施設)により、使うデータ型が異なる可能性あり。【詳細参照】</span><br style="font-style: italic"/><span style="font-weight:bold; font-style: italic">Slice: </span><span style="font-style: italic">Unordered, Open by type:$this</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck130.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="Base StructureDefinition for Quantity Type: A measured amount (or an amount that can potentially be measured). Note that measured amounts include amounts that are not precisely quantified, including amounts involving arbitrary units and floating currencies.">valueQuantity</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Quantity">Quantity</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck130.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="Base StructureDefinition for CodeableConcept Type: A concept that may be defined by a formal reference to a terminology or ontology or may be provided by text.">valueCodeableConcept</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck120.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slicer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_primitive.png" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="Base StructureDefinition for string Type: A sequence of Unicode characters">valueString</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#string">string</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.valueQuantity">valueQuantity</a><a name="Observation.valueQuantity"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">0..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Quantity">Quantity</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">検査結果が「数値」の場合、値、単位を設定する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「NM」の時の OBX-5(結果値)、OBX-6(単位)【詳細参照】</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_datatype.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.valueCodeableConcept">valueCodeableConcept</a><a name="Observation.valueCodeableConcept"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">0..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">検査結果が「コード値」の場合、コード、テキスト、コードのValue setを定義する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「CWE」の時の OBX-5(結果値)【詳細参照】</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_primitive.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.valueString">valueString</a><a name="Observation.valueString"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">0..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#string">string</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">検査結果値が「文字列」の場合、その文字列を指定する。SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「ST」の時の OBX-5(結果値)</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.dataAbsentReason" title="Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing.

検査結果値が欠落している理由。">dataAbsentReason</a><a name="Observation.dataAbsentReason"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Why the result is missing 結果が欠損値である理由</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.interpretation" title="A categorical assessment of an observation value.  For example, high, low, normal.

検査結果値の、(高、低、正常)といったカテゴリー評価。結果報告書に記載されることもある情報。">interpretation</a><a name="Observation.interpretation"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">High, low, normal, etc. 高、低、正常など</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck11.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.note" title="Comments about the observation or the results.

検査、あるいは結果に関するコメント。フリーテキストの追加情報として使用可能。">note</a><a name="Observation.note"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Annotation">Annotation</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Comments about the observation 結果に対するコメント</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.note.time">time</a><a name="Observation.note.time"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#dateTime">dateTime</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">When the annotation was made</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck100.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.note.text">text</a><a name="Observation.note.text"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#markdown">markdown</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">The annotation  - text content (as markdown)</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.bodySite" title="Indicates the site on the subject's body where the observation was made (i.e. the target site).

検査が行われた患者の体の部位。検体検査に関しては、当面は使用しない。">bodySite</a><a name="Observation.bodySite"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Bindingについてはユースケースに応じて各プロファイルで定義すること</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.method" title="Indicates the mechanism used to perform the observation.

検体検査の検査方法、測定方法。">method</a><a name="Observation.method"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">How it was done 実施の方法</td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.specimen" title="The specimen that was used when this observation was made.

この検査に使用された検体(標本)。">specimen</a><a name="Observation.specimen"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..<span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/specimen.html">Specimen</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Specimen used for this observation 観察(観測、検査)に使われた検体材料</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.device" title="The device used to generate the observation data.

検査装置、機器。">device</a><a name="Observation.device"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/device.html">Device</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/devicemetric.html">DeviceMetric</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">(Measurement) Device 測定機器</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck11.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.referenceRange" title="Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range.  Multiple reference ranges are interpreted as an &quot;OR&quot;.   In other words, to represent two distinct target populations, two `referenceRange` elements would be used.

推奨範囲として結果値を解釈するためのガイダンス。基準値。">referenceRange</a><a name="Observation.referenceRange"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#BackboneElement">BackboneElement</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Provides guide for interpretation 解釈のためのガイドを与える</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.referenceRange.low">low</a><a name="Observation.referenceRange.low"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#SimpleQuantity" title="Quantity">SimpleQuantity</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Low Range, if relevant</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.referenceRange.high">high</a><a name="Observation.referenceRange.high"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#SimpleQuantity" title="Quantity">SimpleQuantity</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">High Range, if relevant</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.referenceRange.type" title="Codes to indicate the what part of the targeted reference population it applies to. For example, the normal or therapeutic range.

対象となる母集団のどの部分に適用するかを示すコード。正常範囲、要治療範囲、など。">type</a><a name="Observation.referenceRange.type"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Reference range qualifier</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo" title="Codes to indicate the target population this reference range applies to.  For example, a reference range may be based on the normal population or a particular sex or race.  Multiple `appliesTo`  are interpreted as an &quot;AND&quot; of the target populations.  For example, to represent a target population of African American females, both a code of female and a code for African American would be used.

基準値が適用される母集団を示すコード。人種、性別など。">appliesTo</a><a name="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Reference range population</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck110.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.referenceRange.age" title="The age at which this reference range is applicable. This is a neonatal age (e.g. number of weeks at term) if the meaning says so.

基準値が適用される年齢。新生児の場合、週数もありうる。">age</a><a name="Observation.referenceRange.age"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#Range">Range</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Applicable age range, if relevant</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck100.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.referenceRange.text" title="Text based reference range in an observation which may be used when a quantitative range is not appropriate for an observation.  An example would be a reference value of &quot;Negative&quot; or a list or table of &quot;normals&quot;.

量的範囲で表せない場合などに使用する。">text</a><a name="Observation.referenceRange.text"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#string">string</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Text based reference range in an observation</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.hasMember" title="This observation is a group observation (e.g. a battery, a panel of tests, a set of vital sign measurements) that includes the target as a member of the group.

この検査が含まれるグループを示す。">hasMember</a><a name="Observation.hasMember"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-common.html">JP Core Observation Common Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/questionnaireresponse.html">QuestionnaireResponse</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/molecularsequence.html">MolecularSequence</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Related resource that belongs to the Observation group observationグループに属する関連リソース</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck10.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.derivedFrom" title="The target resource that represents a measurement from which this observation value is derived. For example, a calculated anion gap or a fetal measurement based on an ultrasound image.

この検査値の発生元である関連リソース。例えば他のObservation を受けて、本検査値が発生した場合など。">derivedFrom</a><a name="Observation.derivedFrom"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/references.html">Reference</a>(<a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/documentreference.html">DocumentReference</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/imagingstudy.html">ImagingStudy</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/media.html">Media</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/questionnaireresponse.html">QuestionnaireResponse</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-common.html">JP Core Observation Common Profile</a> | <a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/molecularsequence.html">MolecularSequence</a>)</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Related measurements the observation is made from observation が作られる元の関連する測定</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: #F7F7F7"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck00.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: #F7F7F7; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <a href="StructureDefinition-jp-observation-labresult-definitions.html#Observation.component" title="Some observations have multiple component observations.  These component observations are expressed as separate code value pairs that share the same attributes.  Examples include systolic and diastolic component observations for blood pressure measurement and multiple component observations for genetics observations.

一度のタイミングでの1回の検査で複数の結果を同時に得る場合にのみ使用される。例えば、血圧の収縮期、拡張期。新生児のApgarスコア。質問に対する複数の回答(飲んだアルコールの種類、など)。">component</a><a name="Observation.component"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.5" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/datatypes.html#BackboneElement">BackboneElement</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: #F7F7F7; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.5">Component results  コンポーネント結果</span></td></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>
  </text>
  <extension
             url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-category">
    <valueString value="Clinical.Diagnostics"/>
  </extension>
  <extension
             url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-security-category">
    <valueCode value="patient"/>
  </extension>
  <url
       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Observation_LabResult"/>
  <version value="1.1.1"/>
  <name value="JP_Observation_LabResult"/>
  <title value="JP Core Observation LabResult Profile"/>
  <status value="active"/>
  <date value="2022-10-24"/>
  <publisher
             value="FHIR Japanese implementation research working group in Japan Association of Medical Informatics (JAMI)"/>
  <contact>
    <name
          value="FHIR Japanese implementation research working group in Japan Association of Medical Informatics (JAMI)"/>
    <telecom>
      <system value="url"/>
      <value value="http://jpfhir.jp"/>
    </telecom>
    <telecom>
      <system value="email"/>
      <value value="office@hlfhir.jp"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <description
               value="このプロファイルはObservationリソースに対して、検体検査結果のデータを送受信するための制約と拡張を定めたものである。"/>
  <jurisdiction>
    <coding>
      <system value="urn:iso:std:iso:3166"/>
      <code value="JP"/>
    </coding>
  </jurisdiction>
  <copyright
             value="Copyright FHIR Japanese implementation research working group in Japan Association of Medical Informatics (JAMI) 一般社団法人日本医療情報学会NeXEHRS課題研究会FHIR日本実装検討WG"/>
  <fhirVersion value="4.0.1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="workflow"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow"/>
    <name value="Workflow Pattern"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="sct-concept"/>
    <uri value="http://snomed.info/conceptdomain"/>
    <name value="SNOMED CT Concept Domain Binding"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="v2"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v2"/>
    <name value="HL7 v2 Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews"/>
    <name value="FiveWs Pattern Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="sct-attr"/>
    <uri value="http://snomed.org/attributebinding"/>
    <name value="SNOMED CT Attribute Binding"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="Observation"/>
  <baseDefinition
                  value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Observation_Common"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="Observation">
      <path value="Observation"/>
      <short value="検体検査結果"/>
      <definition
                  value="Measurements and simple assertions made about a patient, device or other subject.

検体検査結果の格納に使用する。"/>
      <comment value="すべてのObservation(検査測定や観察事実)の制約プロファイル"/>
      <alias value="Vital Signs"/>
      <alias value="Measurement"/>
      <alias value="Results"/>
      <alias value="Tests"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/f:id/@value return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value='#'])]))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-5"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label"/>
        <expression value="contained.meta.security.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation">
          <valueMarkdown
                         value="When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."/>
        </extension>
        <key value="dom-6"/>
        <severity value="warning"/>
        <human
               value="A resource should have narrative for robust management"/>
        <expression value="text.`div`.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="exists(f:text/h:div)"/>
        <source
                value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="obs-6"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="dataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present"/>
        <expression value="dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:dataAbsentReason)) or (not(exists(*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="obs-7"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If Observation.code is the same as an Observation.component.code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present"/>
        <expression
                    value="value.empty() or component.code.where(coding.intersect(%resource.code.coding).exists()).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')] and (for $coding in f:code/f:coding return f:component/f:code/f:coding[f:code/@value=$coding/f:code/@value] [f:system/@value=$coding/f:system/@value]))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 363787002 |Observable entity|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Observation[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.id">
      <path value="Observation.id"/>
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes."/>
      <comment
               value="The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="id"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.meta">
      <path value="Observation.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.implicitRules">
      <path value="Observation.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.language">
      <path value="Observation.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition
                  value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueCanonical value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.text">
      <path value="Observation.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.contained">
      <path value="Observation.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.extension">
      <path value="Observation.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Observation.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier">
      <path value="Observation.identifier"/>
      <short value="当該検査項目に対して、施設内で割り振られる一意の識別子"/>
      <definition
                  value="A unique identifier assigned to this observation.

この検査項目に割り当てられた一意の識別子。リソースの識別子やシステム的なシーケンスではなく、ビジネスID。"/>
      <comment
               value="【JP Core仕様】当該検査項目に対して、施設内で割り振られる一意の識別子があればそれを使用する。なければ次のルールを参考に一意となる識別子を生成し設定する。

アプリケーション側のデータベースにおけるフィールド長の定義については、最低64バイトを確保すること。

--- 参考 ---

次の項目を順にセパレータ「_(アンダースコア)」で連結し、 identifier.value に設定する。グループ項目でない場合など、該当コード/番号がない場合はセパレータを連続で連結する。各コードはローカルコードを使用し、必ず設定できること。

 1.ORC-2(依頼者オーダ番号) SS-MIX2の15桁前ゼロ形式の番号

 2.OBR-4(検査項目ID) 検査セットの識別コード

 3.SPM-4(検体タイプ)

 4.OBX-3(検査項目)

 5.OBX-4(検査副ID)・・・オプション。必要に応じて使用。

形式:[ORC-2]_[OBR-4]_[SPM-4]_[OBX-3](_[OBX-4])"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows observations to be distinguished and referenced."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBX.21  For OBX segments from systems without OBX-21 support a combination of ORC/OBR and OBX must be negotiated between trading partners to uniquely identify the OBX segment. Depending on how V2 has been implemented each of these may be an option: 1) OBR-3 + OBX-3 + OBX-4 or 2) OBR-3 + OBR-4 + OBX-3 + OBX-4 or 2) some other way to uniquely ID the OBR/ORC + OBX-3 + OBX-4."/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="id"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.id">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.extension">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.use">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.use"/>
      <short value="usual | official | temp | secondary | old (If known)"/>
      <definition value="The purpose of this identifier.

この識別子の目的。"/>
      <comment
               value="Applications can assume that an identifier is permanent unless it explicitly says that it is temporary.

アプリケーションは、identifierが一時的であると明示的に述べられない限り、永続的であると想定できる。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows the appropriate identifier for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of identifiers."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.use"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This is labeled as &quot;Is Modifier&quot; because applications should not mistake a temporary id for a permanent one."/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="IdentifierUse"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description
                     value="Identifies the purpose for this identifier, if known ."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/identifier-use|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.code or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.type">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.type"/>
      <short value="Description of identifier"/>
      <definition
                  value="A coded type for the identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose."/>
      <comment
               value="This element deals only with general categories of identifiers.  It SHOULD not be used for codes that correspond 1..1 with the Identifier.system. Some identifiers may fall into multiple categories due to common usage.   Where the system is known, a type is unnecessary because the type is always part of the system definition. However systems often need to handle identifiers where the system is not known. There is not a 1:1 relationship between type and system, since many different systems have the same type."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows users to make use of identifiers when the identifier system is not known."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="IdentifierType"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="A coded type for an identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/identifier-type"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.5"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.code or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.system">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.system"/>
      <short value="The namespace for the identifier value"/>
      <definition
                  value="Establishes the namespace for the value - that is, a URL that describes a set values that are unique."/>
      <comment value="Identifier.system is always case sensitive."/>
      <requirements
                    value="There are many sets  of identifiers.  To perform matching of two identifiers, we need to know what set we're dealing with. The system identifies a particular set of unique identifiers."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.system"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueUri value="http://www.acme.com/identifiers/patient"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.4 / EI-2-4"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="II.root or Role.id.root"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./IdentifierType"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.value">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.value"/>
      <short value="The value that is unique"/>
      <definition
                  value="The portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system.

システムのコンテキスト内で一意の識別子となる文字列を設定。"/>
      <comment
               value="If the value is a full URI, then the system SHALL be urn:ietf:rfc:3986.  The value's primary purpose is computational mapping.  As a result, it may be normalized for comparison purposes (e.g. removing non-significant whitespace, dashes, etc.)  A value formatted for human display can be conveyed using the [Rendered Value extension](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extension-rendered-value.html). Identifier.value is to be treated as case sensitive unless knowledge of the Identifier.system allows the processer to be confident that non-case-sensitive processing is safe."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.value"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <example>
        <label value="General"/>
        <valueString value="123456"/>
      </example>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.1 / EI.1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="II.extension or II.root if system indicates OID or GUID (Or Role.id.extension or root)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./Value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.period">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.period"/>
      <short value="Time period when id is/was valid for use"/>
      <definition
                  value="Time period during which identifier is/was valid for use."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.period"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.7 + CX.8"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Role.effectiveTime or implied by context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./StartDate and ./EndDate"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.assigner">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.assigner"/>
      <short value="Organization that issued id (may be just text)"/>
      <definition value="Organization that issued/manages the identifier."/>
      <comment
               value="The Identifier.assigner may omit the .reference element and only contain a .display element reflecting the name or other textual information about the assigning organization."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Identifier.assigner"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="CX.4 / (CX.4,CX.9,CX.10)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="II.assigningAuthorityName but note that this is an improper use by the definition of the field.  Also Role.scoper"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="servd"/>
        <map value="./IdentifierIssuingAuthority"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.basedOn">
      <path value="Observation.basedOn"/>
      <short value="Fulfills plan, proposal or order 実施されるプラン、提案、依頼"/>
      <definition
                  value="A plan, proposal or order that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this event.  For example, a MedicationRequest may require a patient to have laboratory test performed before  it is dispensed.

このプロファイルでは、検体検査オーダに関する情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolvable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc.). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.

【JP Core仕様】オーダ情報がある場合、このプロファイルでは ServiceRequest のリソースを参照する。オーダIDの情報はここで使用する。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows tracing of authorization for the event and tracking whether proposals/recommendations were acted upon."/>
      <alias value="Fulfills"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.basedOn"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ServiceRequest"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.basedOn"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="ORC"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.partOf">
      <path value="Observation.partOf"/>
      <short value="Part of referenced event 参照されるイベントの一部分"/>
      <definition
                  value="A larger event of which this particular Observation is a component or step.  For example,  an observation as part of a procedure.

このリソースが一部として、あるいは手順の一つとして含まれるより大きなイベント。"/>
      <comment
               value="To link an Observation to an Encounter use `encounter`.  See the  [Notes](observation.html#obsgrouping) below for guidance on referencing another Observation.

【JP Core仕様】当面は使用しない。"/>
      <alias value="Container"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.partOf"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_MedicationAdministration"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_MedicationAdministration_Injection"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_MedicationDispenseBase"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/MedicationStatement"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Procedure"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Immunization"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ImagingStudy"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.partOf"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="Varies by domain"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.status">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-display-hint">
        <valueString value="default: final"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="Observation.status"/>
      <short value="registered | preliminary | final | amended +"/>
      <definition value="The status of the result value.

結果値の状態。"/>
      <comment
               value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark the resource as not currently valid.

【JP Core仕様】v2.5の「F」に相当する値は「final」であるが、ここでは 必須コード表「ObservationStatus」より、全てのコード値を使用可とする。

(registered | preliminary | final | amended |   corrected | cancelled | entered-in-error | unknown)"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to track the status of individual results. Some results are finalized before the whole report is finalized."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.status"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="This element is labeled as a modifier because it is a status element that contains status entered-in-error which means that the resource should not be treated as valid"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationStatus"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="Codes providing the status of an observation."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-status|4.0.1"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.status"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.status"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 445584004 |Report by finality status|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-11"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="status  Amended &amp; Final are differentiated by whether it is the subject of a ControlAct event with a type of &quot;revise&quot;"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category">
      <path value="Observation.category"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="pattern"/>
          <path value="$this"/>
        </discriminator>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short
             value="Classification of  type of observation Observationの種類(タイプ)の分類"/>
      <definition
                  value="A code that classifies the general type of observation being made.

行われた検査の一般的なタイプの分類。取得、表示の際のフィルタリングに使用。"/>
      <comment
               value="In addition to the required category valueset, this element allows various categorization schemes based on the owner’s definition of the category and effectively multiple categories can be used at once.  The level of granularity is defined by the category concepts in the value set.

【JP Core仕様】推奨コード表「ObservationCategoryCodes」より、このプロファイルでは「laboratory」固定とする。

(social-history | vital-signs | imaging | laboratory | procedure | survey | exam | therapy | activity)"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Used for filtering what observations are retrieved and displayed."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.category"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationCategory"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="Codes for high level observation categories."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-category"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.class"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=&quot;COMP].target[classCode=&quot;LIST&quot;, moodCode=&quot;EVN&quot;].code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category.id">
      <path value="Observation.category.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category.extension">
      <path value="Observation.category.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category.coding">
      <path value="Observation.category.coding"/>
      <short value="Code defined by a terminology system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a code defined by a terminology system."/>
      <comment
               value="Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.

【JP Core仕様】推奨コード表「ObservationCategoryCodes」より、このプロファイルでは「laboratory」固定とする。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows for alternative encodings within a code system, and translations to other code systems."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="CodeableConcept.coding"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.1-8, C*E.10-22"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="union(., ./translation)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:CodeableConcept.coding rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.coding"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category.text">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="Observation.category.text"/>
      <short value="Plain text representation of the concept"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user."/>
      <comment
               value="Very often the text is the same as a displayName of one of the codings."/>
      <requirements
                    value="The codes from the terminologies do not always capture the correct meaning with all the nuances of the human using them, or sometimes there is no appropriate code at all. In these cases, the text is used to capture the full meaning of the source."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="CodeableConcept.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.9. But note many systems use C*E.2 for this"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="./originalText[mediaType/code=&quot;text/plain&quot;]/data"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:CodeableConcept.text rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.originalText"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category:laboratory">
      <path value="Observation.category"/>
      <sliceName value="laboratory"/>
      <short
             value="Classification of  type of observation Observationの種類(タイプ)の分類"/>
      <definition
                  value="A code that classifies the general type of observation being made.
実施されているobservationの一般的なタイプを分類するコード"/>
      <comment
               value="In addition to the required category valueset, this element allows various categorization schemes based on the owner’s definition of the category and effectively multiple categories can be used at once.  The level of granularity is defined by the category concepts in the value set.
必要なカテゴリ値セットに加えて、この要素を使用すると、所有者のカテゴリの定義に基づいたさまざまなカテゴリ化スキームが可能になり、複数のカテゴリを一度に効果的に使用できる。粒度のレベルは、値セットのカテゴリの概念によって定義される。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Used for filtering what observations are retrieved and displayed."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.category"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <patternCodeableConcept>
        <coding>
          <system
                  value="http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/observation-category"/>
          <code value="laboratory"/>
        </coding>
      </patternCodeableConcept>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationCategory"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="Codes for high level observation categories."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-category"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.class"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=&quot;COMP].target[classCode=&quot;LIST&quot;, moodCode=&quot;EVN&quot;].code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code">
      <path value="Observation.code"/>
      <short
             value="Type of observation (code / type) observation のタイプ(コードまたはタイプ)"/>
      <definition
                  value="Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation &quot;name&quot;.

検査の内容の説明。検査名称。"/>
      <comment value="*JLAC10"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing what kind of observation is being made is essential to understanding the observation."/>
      <alias value="Name"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.code"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="MEDIS 臨床検査マスター"/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/ValueSet/JP_ObservationLabResultCode_VS"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="&lt; 363787002 |Observable entity| OR &lt; 386053000 |Evaluation procedure|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="116680003 |Is a|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.id">
      <path value="Observation.code.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.extension">
      <path value="Observation.code.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding"/>
      <short value="Code defined by a terminology system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.

コード体系によって定義されたコードへの参照。"/>
      <comment
               value="Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.

【JP Core仕様】SS-MIX2にならい、標準コード、ローカルコードの2つを設定可能とし、いずれか一方は必須とする。さらにJLAC10とJLAC11などの複数の標準コードも設定できるよう、上限は設けない。

標準コード、ローカルコードの2つまで格納可。順不同。
SS-MIX2だとCWE.1 ~CWE.3に標準コード、CWE.4~CWE.6にローカルコード、など(順不同)。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows for alternative encodings within a code system, and translations to other code systems."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="CodeableConcept.coding"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.1-8, C*E.10-22"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="union(., ./translation)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:CodeableConcept.coding rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.coding"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.id">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.extension">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.system">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.system"/>
      <short value="Identity of the terminology system"/>
      <definition
                  value="The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.

コード体系。"/>
      <comment
               value="The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should reference to some definition that establishes the system clearly and unambiguously.

【JP Core仕様】標準コードの場合、JLAC10を表すURIを設定。

URIは本WGで定義する。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.system"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./codeSystem"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.version">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.version"/>
      <short value="Version of the system - if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured, and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged."/>
      <comment
               value="Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.version"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./codeSystemVersion"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.code">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.code"/>
      <short value="Symbol in syntax defined by the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination)."/>
      <comment value="Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to refer to a particular code in the system."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.code"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map value="fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.display"/>
      <short value="Representation defined by the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system."/>
      <comment value="Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CV.displayName"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.userSelected">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.userSelected"/>
      <short value="If this coding was chosen directly by the user"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - e.g. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).

このコードが利用者によって、例えば利用可能なコードの選択リストから、など、直接選択されたものであることを示す。"/>
      <comment
               value="Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely.

【JP Core仕様】当面は未使用とする。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.userSelected"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="Sometimes implied by being first"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CD.codingRationale"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\#true a [     fhir:source &quot;true&quot;;     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\#O   ]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.text">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="Observation.code.text"/>
      <short value="Plain text representation of the concept"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user.

コードの表示名。報告書などに記載する場合に使用する表示名。コードを複数指定した場合(標準コード、ローカルコード)、その一般的な表現。"/>
      <comment
               value="Very often the text is the same as a displayName of one of the codings.

【JP Core仕様】このプロファイルでは、表示名として必須とする。

多くの場合、coding.display と同一になるが、coding.display に異なる複数の表現が格納される場合を想定し、code間で共通の表現として必須とする。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="The codes from the terminologies do not always capture the correct meaning with all the nuances of the human using them, or sometimes there is no appropriate code at all. In these cases, the text is used to capture the full meaning of the source."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="CodeableConcept.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.9. But note many systems use C*E.2 for this"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="./originalText[mediaType/code=&quot;text/plain&quot;]/data"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:CodeableConcept.text rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.originalText"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.subject">
      <path value="Observation.subject"/>
      <short value="Who and/or what the observation is about 観察対象者"/>
      <definition
                  value="The patient, or group of patients, location, or device this observation is about and into whose record the observation is placed. If the actual focus of the observation is different from the subject (or a sample of, part, or region of the subject), the `focus` element or the `code` itself specifies the actual focus of the observation.

検体検査の対象となる患者。"/>
      <comment
               value="One would expect this element to be a cardinality of 1..1. The only circumstance in which the subject can be missing is when the observation is made by a device that does not know the patient. In this case, the observation SHALL be matched to a patient through some context/channel matching technique, and at this point, the observation should be updated.
【JP Core仕様】このプロファイルでは、Patient 限定、かつ必須とする。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Observations have no value if you don't know who or what they're about."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.subject"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Patient"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.subject"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=RTGT]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.focus">
      <path value="Observation.focus"/>
      <short
             value="What the observation is about, when it is not about the subject of record subject 要素が実際のobservationの対象でない場合に、observation の対象物"/>
      <definition
                  value="The actual focus of an observation when it is not the patient of record representing something or someone associated with the patient such as a spouse, parent, fetus, or donor. For example, fetus observations in a mother's record.  The focus of an observation could also be an existing condition,  an intervention, the subject's diet,  another observation of the subject,  or a body structure such as tumor or implanted device.   An example use case would be using the Observation resource to capture whether the mother is trained to change her child's tracheostomy tube. In this example, the child is the patient of record and the mother is the focus.

患者当人ではなく、患者の胎児、親、ドナーなどの検査、観察の場合、その対象を示す。"/>
      <comment
               value="Typically, an observation is made about the subject - a patient, or group of patients, location, or device - and the distinction between the subject and what is directly measured for an observation is specified in the observation code itself ( e.g., &quot;Blood Glucose&quot;) and does not need to be represented separately using this element.  Use `specimen` if a reference to a specimen is required.  If a code is required instead of a resource use either  `bodysite` for bodysites or the standard extension [focusCode](extension-observation-focuscode.html).
【JP Core仕様】当面は未使用とする。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.focus"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=SBJ]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.subject"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.encounter">
      <path value="Observation.encounter"/>
      <short
             value="Healthcare event during which this observation is made このobservationが行われるヘルスケアイベント"/>
      <definition
                  value="The healthcare event  (e.g. a patient and healthcare provider interaction) during which this observation is made.

この検査が行われるヘルスケアイベント。医療提供者と患者の接点。"/>
      <comment
               value="This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some events may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter but still be tied to the context of the encounter (e.g. pre-admission laboratory tests).

【JP Core仕様】入院外来の区別や所在場所、担当診療科の情報に使用する。

※このプロファイルの用途では通常は必須と考えられるが、ユースケースにより使用されない場合を考慮し、1..1に制約しない。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some observations it may be important to know the link between an observation and a particular encounter."/>
      <alias value="Context"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.encounter"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Encounter"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PV1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[classCode=ENC, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.effective[x]">
      <path value="Observation.effective[x]"/>
      <short
             value="Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation 臨床的に関連する時刻または時間"/>
      <definition
                  value="The time or time-period the observed value is asserted as being true. For biological subjects - e.g. human patients - this is usually called the &quot;physiologically relevant time&quot;. This is usually either the time of the procedure or of specimen collection, but very often the source of the date/time is not known, only the date/time itself.

検体検査の場合は、検体採取日時。"/>
      <comment
               value="At least a date should be present unless this observation is a historical report.  For recording imprecise or &quot;fuzzy&quot; times (For example, a blood glucose measurement taken &quot;after breakfast&quot;) use the [Timing](datatypes.html#timing) datatype which allow the measurement to be tied to regular life events.

【JP Core仕様】このプロファイルでは、検体採取日時を設定し、必須とする。

effectiveInstant

instant型はイベント発生のログ時間であり、未使用とする。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing when an observation was deemed true is important to its relevance as well as determining trends."/>
      <alias value="Occurrence"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.effective[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Timing"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.occurrence[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.done[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBX-14, and/or OBX-19 after v2.4  (depends on who observation made)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="effectiveTime"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.issued">
      <path value="Observation.issued"/>
      <short
             value="Date/Time this version was made available このバージョンが利用可能となった日時"/>
      <definition
                  value="The date and time this version of the observation was made available to providers, typically after the results have been reviewed and verified.

この情報の発生日時。システム時刻であり、人が報告する時刻ではないことに注意。このリソースの発生時間と同じになる場合がある。"/>
      <comment
               value="For Observations that don’t require review and verification, it may be the same as the [`lastUpdated` ](resource-definitions.html#Meta.lastUpdated) time of the resource itself.  For Observations that do require review and verification for certain updates, it might not be the same as the `lastUpdated` time of the resource itself due to a non-clinically significant update that doesn’t require the new version to be reviewed and verified again.

【JP Core仕様】検査結果が**システムにより**Observationリソースに格納または更新された日時。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.issued"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="instant"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.recorded"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBR.22 (or MSH.7), or perhaps OBX-19 (depends on who observation made)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=AUT].time"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.performer">
      <path value="Observation.performer"/>
      <short
             value="Who is responsible for the observation observationに責任をもつ者"/>
      <definition
                  value="Who was responsible for asserting the observed value as &quot;true&quot;.

検査値を確認した責任者。検査実施責任者情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolvable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc.). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.

【JP Core仕様】検査に直接責任を負う個人(つまり検査を実行、もしくは検証した人)の識別子。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="May give a degree of confidence in the observation and also indicates where follow-up questions should be directed."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.performer"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_PractitionerRole"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Organization"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CareTeam"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Patient"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.actor"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBX.15 / (Practitioner)  OBX-16,  PRT-5:PRT-4='RO' /  (Device)  OBX-18 , PRT-10:PRT-4='EQUIP' / (Organization)  OBX-23,  PRT-8:PRT-4='PO'"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=PRF]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.value[x]">
      <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="type"/>
          <path value="$this"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="closed"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="同じ検査項目でも、システム(施設)により、使うデータ型が異なる可能性あり。【詳細参照】"/>
      <definition
                  value="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.

検体検査の結果として決定された情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="以下のデータ型はSS-MIX2では未使用のため、未使用とした。今後の議論で使用の必要性が出れば復活させる。

valueBoolean

valueInteger :検査結果値を整数値(Integer)で定義したい場合に指定する。ただし、valueQuantityで単位付き数値を示すので、通常は使わない。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「NW」の時の OBX-5(結果値)

valueRange

valueRatio

valueSampledData

valueTime :検査結果値が「時間」の場合、その時間を指定する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「TM」の時の OBX-5(結果値)

valueDateTime :検査結果値が「日時」の場合、その日時を指定する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「DT」の時の OBX-5(結果値)

valuePeriod"/>
      <requirements
                    value="An observation exists to have a value, though it might not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-7"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363714003 |Interprets|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.value[x]:valueQuantity">
      <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
      <sliceName value="valueQuantity"/>
      <short
             value="検査結果が「数値」の場合、値、単位を設定する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「NM」の時の OBX-5(結果値)、OBX-6(単位)【詳細参照】"/>
      <definition
                  value="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.
結果情報が単純な値である場合、observationを行った結果として決定された情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="valueQuantity.value :結果値(数値)を定義。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5:OBX-5(結果値)

valueQuantity.comparator :QuantityComparator Value setから設定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ 検体検査結果メッセージでは未使用となっているデータ型だが、SN型のSN.1(比較演算子)が該当する。検査値の「0未満」の場合の「未満」などに相当するコードを設定。

valueQuantity.unit :.systemで示す単位のValue setの文字列を指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-6(単位) CWE.2 テキスト

valueQuantity.system :単位のValue set名を指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-6(単位) CWE.3 コード体系 HL7では「ISO+」だが、ローカルコード99zzzのHL7標準の「ISO+」が示すOID、ローカルコードの場合はOIDを別途取得必要

valueQuantity.code :.systemで示す単位のValue setのコードを指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-6(単位) CWE.1 識別子"/>
      <requirements
                    value="An observation exists to have a value, though it might not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-7"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363714003 |Interprets|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.value[x]:valueCodeableConcept">
      <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
      <sliceName value="valueCodeableConcept"/>
      <short
             value="検査結果が「コード値」の場合、コード、テキスト、コードのValue setを定義する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「CWE」の時の OBX-5(結果値)【詳細参照】"/>
      <definition
                  value="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.
結果情報が単純な値である場合、observationを行った結果として決定された情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="valueCodeableConcept.coding :ローカルコードと国際標準コードなど複数指定できる。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWEは正規コード+代替コードの2種類登録可能。

valueCodeableConcept.coding.system :対象のValue set名を指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.3 or 6 コード体系。対象コードの OIDを設定

valueCodeableConcept.coding.version :対象のValue setのバージョンを指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.7 コード体系バージョン ID valueCodeableConcept.coding.code :対象のValue setのコードを指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.1 or 4 識別子。対象コードシステムのコード

valueCodeableConcept.coding.display :対象のValue setのテキストを指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.2 or 5 テキスト。対象コードの名称

valueCodeableConcept.coding.userselected :未使用。

valueCodeableConcept.text :コードが示す意味を指定する。通常は.coding.displayの値を指定するが、複数ある場合は適宜編集すること。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.2 テキスト。coding.display と同じ。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="An observation exists to have a value, though it might not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-7"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363714003 |Interprets|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.value[x]:valueString">
      <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
      <sliceName value="valueString"/>
      <short
             value="検査結果値が「文字列」の場合、その文字列を指定する。SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「ST」の時の OBX-5(結果値)"/>
      <definition
                  value="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.
結果情報が単純な値である場合、observationを行った結果として決定された情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="An observation may have; 1)  a single value here, 2)  both a value and a set of related or component values,  or 3)  only a set of related or component values. If a value is present, the datatype for this element should be determined by Observation.code.  A CodeableConcept with just a text would be used instead of a string if the field was usually coded, or if the type associated with the Observation.code defines a coded value.  For additional guidance, see the [Notes section](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/observation.html#notes) below."/>
      <requirements
                    value="An observation exists to have a value, though it might not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-7"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363714003 |Interprets|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.dataAbsentReason">
      <path value="Observation.dataAbsentReason"/>
      <short value="Why the result is missing 結果が欠損値である理由"/>
      <definition
                  value="Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing.

検査結果値が欠落している理由。"/>
      <comment
               value="Null or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations.  One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value.  For example, measurement values for a serology test could be  &quot;detected&quot;, &quot;not detected&quot;, &quot;inconclusive&quot;, or  &quot;specimen unsatisfactory&quot;.   

The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values.  For example, the dataAbsentReason code &quot;error&quot; could be used when the measurement was not completed. Note that an observation may only be reported if there are values to report. For example differential cell counts values may be reported only when &gt; 0.  Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for null or exceptional values.

【JP Core仕様】SS-MIX2で未使用だが、valueの欠落時に使用する必要があり、重要な項目である。

制約「obs-6」に示す通り、valueが存在する場合、当該項目は存在してはならない。

textのみでの使用は基本的に不可とし、必ずcodingを設定すること。

(unknown |   asked-unknown |   temp-unknown |   not-asked |   asked-declined | masked | not-applicable | unsupported | as-text | error |   not-a-number |   negative-infinity |   positive-infinity | not-performed | not-permitted)"/>
      <requirements
                    value="For many results it is necessary to handle exceptional values in measurements."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.dataAbsentReason"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-6"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationValueAbsentReason"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes specifying why the result (`Observation.value[x]`) is missing."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/data-absent-reason"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value.nullFlavor"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.interpretation">
      <path value="Observation.interpretation"/>
      <short value="High, low, normal, etc. 高、低、正常など"/>
      <definition
                  value="A categorical assessment of an observation value.  For example, high, low, normal.

検査結果値の、(高、低、正常)といったカテゴリー評価。結果報告書に記載されることもある情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="Historically used for laboratory results (known as 'abnormal flag' ),  its use extends to other use cases where coded interpretations  are relevant.  Often reported as one or more simple compact codes this element is often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result.

【JP Core仕様】拡張可コード表「ObservationInterpretationCodes」を使用する。

コード表が大きいため、下記参照。

https://www.hl7.org/fhir/R4/valueset-observation-interpretation.html"/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result.

特に数値結果については、結果の重要性を完全に理解するために解釈を必要とする場合がある。"/>
      <alias value="Abnormal Flag"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.interpretation"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationInterpretation"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes identifying interpretations of observations."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-interpretation"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 260245000 |Findings values|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-8"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="interpretationCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363713009 |Has interpretation|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note">
      <path value="Observation.note"/>
      <short value="Comments about the observation 結果に対するコメント"/>
      <definition
                  value="Comments about the observation or the results.

検査、あるいは結果に関するコメント。フリーテキストの追加情報として使用可能。"/>
      <comment
               value="May include general statements about the observation, or statements about significant, unexpected or unreliable results values, or information about its source when relevant to its interpretation."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to provide free text additional information.
フリーテキストの追加情報を提供できる必要がある。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.note"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Annotation"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="NTE.3 (partner NTE to OBX, or sometimes another (child?) OBX)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="subjectOf.observationEvent[code=&quot;annotation&quot;].value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note.id">
      <path value="Observation.note.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note.extension">
      <path value="Observation.note.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note.author[x]">
      <path value="Observation.note.author[x]"/>
      <short value="Individual responsible for the annotation"/>
      <definition
                  value="The individual responsible for making the annotation."/>
      <comment
               value="Organization is used when there's no need for specific attribution as to who made the comment."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Annotation.author[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.participant[typeCode=AUT].role"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note.time">
      <path value="Observation.note.time"/>
      <short value="When the annotation was made"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates when this particular annotation was made."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Annotation.time"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.effectiveTime"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note.text">
      <path value="Observation.note.text"/>
      <short value="The annotation  - text content (as markdown)"/>
      <definition value="The text of the annotation in markdown format."/>
      <comment
               value="Systems are not required to have markdown support, so the text should be readable without markdown processing. The markdown syntax is GFM - see https://github.github.com/gfm/"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Annotation.text"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="markdown"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.bodySite">
      <path value="Observation.bodySite"/>
      <short value="Bindingについてはユースケースに応じて各プロファイルで定義すること"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates the site on the subject's body where the observation was made (i.e. the target site).

検査が行われた患者の体の部位。検体検査に関しては、当面は使用しない。"/>
      <comment
               value="Only used if not implicit in code found in Observation.code.  In many systems, this may be represented as a related observation instead of an inline component.   

If the use case requires BodySite to be handled as a separate resource (e.g. to identify and track separately) then use the standard extension[ bodySite](extension-bodysite.html).

【JP Core仕様】当面は未使用とする。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.bodySite"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="BodySite"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/body-site"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 123037004 |Body structure|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-20"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="targetSiteCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="718497002 |Inherent location|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.method">
      <path value="Observation.method"/>
      <short value="How it was done 実施の方法"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates the mechanism used to perform the observation.

検体検査の検査方法、測定方法。"/>
      <comment
               value="Only used if not implicit in code for Observation.code.

Observation.code の code から測定方法が暗黙的でない場合にのみ使用する。

【JP Core仕様】Observation.code に JLAC10コードを使用する場合、測定方法コードが含まれているため method は使用しない。Observation.code から測定方法が判明しない場合や、実際の測定方法が異なる場合に使用することになるが、現状では運用が困難と想定されるため、当面は未使用とする。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="In some cases, method can impact results and is thus used for determining whether results can be compared or determining significance of results.

場合により、測定方法は結果に影響を与える可能性があるため、結果を比較できるかどうかを判断したり、結果の重要性を判断したりするために使用される。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.method"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationMethod"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Methods for simple observations."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-methods"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-17"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="methodCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.specimen">
      <path value="Observation.specimen"/>
      <short value="Specimen used for this observation 観察(観測、検査)に使われた検体材料"/>
      <definition
                  value="The specimen that was used when this observation was made.

この検査に使用された検体(標本)。"/>
      <comment
               value="Should only be used if not implicit in code found in `Observation.code`.  Observations are not made on specimens themselves; they are made on a subject, but in many cases by the means of a specimen. Note that although specimens are often involved, they are not always tracked and reported explicitly. Also note that observation resources may be used in contexts that track the specimen explicitly (e.g. Diagnostic Report).

【JP Core仕様】検体検査プロファイルでは必須とする。"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.specimen"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Specimen"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 123038009 |Specimen|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="SPM segment"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=SPC].specimen"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="704319004 |Inherent in|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.device">
      <path value="Observation.device"/>
      <short value="(Measurement) Device 測定機器"/>
      <definition
                  value="The device used to generate the observation data.

検査装置、機器。"/>
      <comment
               value="Note that this is not meant to represent a device involved in the transmission of the result, e.g., a gateway.  Such devices may be documented using the Provenance resource where relevant.

【JP Core仕様】検査に使用した機器等の情報に使用する。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.device"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DeviceMetric"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 49062001 |Device|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-17 / PRT -10"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=DEV]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="424226004 |Using device|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange"/>
      <short value="Provides guide for interpretation 解釈のためのガイドを与える"/>
      <definition
                  value="Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range.  Multiple reference ranges are interpreted as an &quot;OR&quot;.   In other words, to represent two distinct target populations, two `referenceRange` elements would be used.

推奨範囲として結果値を解釈するためのガイダンス。基準値。"/>
      <comment
               value="Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient's age, gender, weight and other factors), but this might not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties.

【JP Core仕様】可能な限りlow、highに構造化すべき。構造化できない場合、あるいはlow、highに該当しない場合はtextを使用。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing what values are considered &quot;normal&quot; can help evaluate the significance of a particular result. Need to be able to provide multiple reference ranges for different contexts.
どの値が「正常」と見なされるかを知ることは、特定の結果の意義を評価するのに役立つ。さまざまなコンテキストに対応するため複数の参照範囲を提供できる必要がある。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="obs-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have at least a low or a high or text"/>
        <expression value="low.exists() or high.exists() or text.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="(exists(f:low) or exists(f:high)or exists(f:text))"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=REFV]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.id">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.extension">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.low">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.low"/>
      <short value="Low Range, if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The value of the low bound of the reference range.  The low bound of the reference range endpoint is inclusive of the value (e.g.  reference range is &gt;=5 - &lt;=9). If the low bound is omitted,  it is assumed to be meaningless (e.g. reference range is &lt;=2.3)."/>
      <comment
               value="The context of use may frequently define what kind of quantity this is and therefore what kind of units can be used. The context of use may also restrict the values for the comparator."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.low"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-3"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value:IVL_PQ.low"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.high">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.high"/>
      <short value="High Range, if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The value of the high bound of the reference range.  The high bound of the reference range endpoint is inclusive of the value (e.g.  reference range is &gt;=5 - &lt;=9). If the high bound is omitted,  it is assumed to be meaningless (e.g. reference range is &gt;= 2.3)."/>
      <comment
               value="The context of use may frequently define what kind of quantity this is and therefore what kind of units can be used. The context of use may also restrict the values for the comparator."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.high"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
        <profile
                 value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-3"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value:IVL_PQ.high"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.type">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.type"/>
      <short value="Reference range qualifier"/>
      <definition
                  value="Codes to indicate the what part of the targeted reference population it applies to. For example, the normal or therapeutic range.

対象となる母集団のどの部分に適用するかを示すコード。正常範囲、要治療範囲、など。"/>
      <comment
               value="This SHOULD be populated if there is more than one range.  If this element is not present then the normal range is assumed."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to say what kind of reference range this is - normal, recommended, therapeutic, etc.,  - for proper interpretation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationRangeMeaning"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="Code for the meaning of a reference range."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/referencerange-meaning"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="&lt; 260245000 |Findings values| OR  
&lt; 365860008 |General clinical state finding| 
OR 
&lt; 250171008 |Clinical history or observation findings| OR  
&lt; 415229000 |Racial group| OR 
&lt; 365400002 |Finding of puberty stage| OR
&lt; 443938003 |Procedure carried out on subject|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-10"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="interpretationCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo"/>
      <short value="Reference range population"/>
      <definition
                  value="Codes to indicate the target population this reference range applies to.  For example, a reference range may be based on the normal population or a particular sex or race.  Multiple `appliesTo`  are interpreted as an &quot;AND&quot; of the target populations.  For example, to represent a target population of African American females, both a code of female and a code for African American would be used.

基準値が適用される母集団を示すコード。人種、性別など。"/>
      <comment
               value="This SHOULD be populated if there is more than one range.  If this element is not present then the normal population is assumed."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to identify the target population for proper interpretation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationRangeType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/referencerange-appliesto"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="&lt; 260245000 |Findings values| OR  
&lt; 365860008 |General clinical state finding| 
OR 
&lt; 250171008 |Clinical history or observation findings| OR  
&lt; 415229000 |Racial group| OR 
&lt; 365400002 |Finding of puberty stage| OR
&lt; 443938003 |Procedure carried out on subject|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-10"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="interpretationCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.age">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.age"/>
      <short value="Applicable age range, if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The age at which this reference range is applicable. This is a neonatal age (e.g. number of weeks at term) if the meaning says so.

基準値が適用される年齢。新生児の場合、週数もありうる。"/>
      <comment
               value="The stated low and high value are assumed to have arbitrarily high precision when it comes to determining which values are in the range. I.e. 1.99 is not in the range 2 -&gt; 3."/>
      <requirements value="Some analytes vary greatly over age."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.age"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Range"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=PRCN].targetObservationCriterion[code=&quot;age&quot;].value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.text">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.text"/>
      <short value="Text based reference range in an observation"/>
      <definition
                  value="Text based reference range in an observation which may be used when a quantitative range is not appropriate for an observation.  An example would be a reference value of &quot;Negative&quot; or a list or table of &quot;normals&quot;.

量的範囲で表せない場合などに使用する。"/>
      <comment value="Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value:ST"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.hasMember">
      <path value="Observation.hasMember"/>
      <short
             value="Related resource that belongs to the Observation group observationグループに属する関連リソース"/>
      <definition
                  value="This observation is a group observation (e.g. a battery, a panel of tests, a set of vital sign measurements) that includes the target as a member of the group.

この検査が含まれるグループを示す。"/>
      <comment
               value="When using this element, an observation will typically have either a value or a set of related resources, although both may be present in some cases.  For a discussion on the ways Observations can assembled in groups together, see [Notes](observation.html#obsgrouping) below.  Note that a system may calculate results from [QuestionnaireResponse](questionnaireresponse.html)  into a final score and represent the score as an Observation.

【JP Core仕様】1検査で複数の検査項目が実施される場合の親検査項目を設定する。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.hasMember"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Observation_Common"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/MolecularSequence"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="Relationships established by OBX-4 usage"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outBoundRelationship"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.derivedFrom">
      <path value="Observation.derivedFrom"/>
      <short
             value="Related measurements the observation is made from observation が作られる元の関連する測定"/>
      <definition
                  value="The target resource that represents a measurement from which this observation value is derived. For example, a calculated anion gap or a fetal measurement based on an ultrasound image.

この検査値の発生元である関連リソース。例えば他のObservation を受けて、本検査値が発生した場合など。"/>
      <comment
               value="All the reference choices that are listed in this element can represent clinical observations and other measurements that may be the source for a derived value.  The most common reference will be another Observation.  For a discussion on the ways Observations can assembled in groups together, see [Notes](observation.html#obsgrouping) below."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.derivedFrom"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DocumentReference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ImagingStudy"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Media"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Observation_Common"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/MolecularSequence"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="Relationships established by OBX-4 usage"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".targetObservation"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component">
      <path value="Observation.component"/>
      <short value="Component results  コンポーネント結果"/>
      <definition
                  value="Some observations have multiple component observations.  These component observations are expressed as separate code value pairs that share the same attributes.  Examples include systolic and diastolic component observations for blood pressure measurement and multiple component observations for genetics observations.

一度のタイミングでの1回の検査で複数の結果を同時に得る場合にのみ使用される。例えば、血圧の収縮期、拡張期。新生児のApgarスコア。質問に対する複数の回答(飲んだアルコールの種類、など)。"/>
      <comment
               value="For a discussion on the ways Observations can be assembled in groups together see [Notes](observation.html#notes) below."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Component observations share the same attributes in the Observation resource as the primary observation and are always treated a part of a single observation (they are not separable).   However, the reference range for the primary observation value is not inherited by the component values and is required when appropriate for each component observation.
コンポーネントobservation は プライマリobservation としてのobservation リソースの中で同じ属性を共有し、常に単一のobservation の一部として扱われる(つまりそれらは分離可能ではないん)。ただし、プライマリobservationのreference rangeはコンポーネント値に継承されないため、reference rangeは各コンポーネントobservation に適切であれば必要である。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="containment by OBX-4?"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outBoundRelationship[typeCode=COMP]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.id">
      <path value="Observation.component.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="Unique id for inter-element referencing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fhir-type">
          <valueUrl value="string"/>
        </extension>
        <code value="http://hl7.org/fhirpath/System.String"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.extension">
      <path value="Observation.component.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Observation.component.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself)."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Modifier extensions allow for extensions that *cannot* be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored.  This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the [definition of modifier extensions](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/extensibility.html#modifierExtension)."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ext-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have either extensions or value[x], not both"/>
        <expression value="extension.exists() != value.exists()"/>
        <xpath
               value="exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &quot;value&quot;)])"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Extension"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isModifierReason
                        value="Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.code">
      <path value="Observation.component.code"/>
      <short value="Type of component observation (code / type)"/>
      <definition
                  value="Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation &quot;code&quot;."/>
      <comment
               value="*All* code-value and  component.code-component.value pairs need to be taken into account to correctly understand the meaning of the observation."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing what kind of observation is being made is essential to understanding the observation."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.code"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationCode"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Codes identifying names of simple observations."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-codes"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="FiveWs.what[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="&lt; 363787002 |Observable entity| OR 
&lt; 386053000 |Evaluation procedure|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.value[x]">
      <path value="Observation.component.value[x]"/>
      <short value="Actual component result"/>
      <definition
                  value="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value."/>
      <comment
               value="Used when observation has a set of component observations. An observation may have both a value (e.g. an  Apgar score)  and component observations (the observations from which the Apgar score was derived). If a value is present, the datatype for this element should be determined by Observation.code. A CodeableConcept with just a text would be used instead of a string if the field was usually coded, or if the type associated with the Observation.code defines a coded value.  For additional guidance, see the [Notes section](http://hl7.org/fhir/R4/observation.html#notes) below."/>
      <requirements
                    value="An observation exists to have a value, though it might not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="integer"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Range"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Ratio"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="SampledData"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="time"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="363714003 |Interprets| &lt; 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363714003 |Interprets|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.dataAbsentReason">
      <path value="Observation.component.dataAbsentReason"/>
      <short value="Why the component result is missing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.component.value[x] is missing."/>
      <comment
               value="&quot;Null&quot; or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations.  One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value.  For example, measurement values for a serology test could be  &quot;detected&quot;, &quot;not detected&quot;, &quot;inconclusive&quot;, or  &quot;test not done&quot;. 

The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values.  For example, the dataAbsentReason code &quot;error&quot; could be used when the measurement was not completed.  Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for exceptional values."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For many results it is necessary to handle exceptional values in measurements."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.dataAbsentReason"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-6"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationValueAbsentReason"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes specifying why the result (`Observation.value[x]`) is missing."/>
        <valueSet value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/data-absent-reason"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value.nullFlavor"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.interpretation">
      <path value="Observation.component.interpretation"/>
      <short value="High, low, normal, etc."/>
      <definition
                  value="A categorical assessment of an observation value.  For example, high, low, normal."/>
      <comment
               value="Historically used for laboratory results (known as 'abnormal flag' ),  its use extends to other use cases where coded interpretations  are relevant.  Often reported as one or more simple compact codes this element is often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result."/>
      <alias value="Abnormal Flag"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.interpretation"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationInterpretation"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes identifying interpretations of observations."/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-interpretation"/>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 260245000 |Findings values|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-8"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="interpretationCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363713009 |Has interpretation|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.referenceRange">
      <path value="Observation.component.referenceRange"/>
      <short value="Provides guide for interpretation of component result"/>
      <definition
                  value="Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range."/>
      <comment
               value="Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient's age, gender, weight and other factors), but this might not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing what values are considered &quot;normal&quot; can help evaluate the significance of a particular result. Need to be able to provide multiple reference ranges for different contexts."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.referenceRange"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <contentReference
                        value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.referenceRange"/>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression
                    value="hasValue() or (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isModifier value="false"/>
      <isSummary value="false"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=REFV]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
  </snapshot>
  <differential>
    <element id="Observation">
      <path value="Observation"/>
      <short value="検体検査結果"/>
      <definition
                  value="Measurements and simple assertions made about a patient, device or other subject.

検体検査結果の格納に使用する。"/>
      <comment value="すべてのObservation(検査測定や観察事実)の制約プロファイル"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier">
      <path value="Observation.identifier"/>
      <short value="当該検査項目に対して、施設内で割り振られる一意の識別子"/>
      <definition
                  value="A unique identifier assigned to this observation.

この検査項目に割り当てられた一意の識別子。リソースの識別子やシステム的なシーケンスではなく、ビジネスID。"/>
      <comment
               value="【JP Core仕様】当該検査項目に対して、施設内で割り振られる一意の識別子があればそれを使用する。なければ次のルールを参考に一意となる識別子を生成し設定する。

アプリケーション側のデータベースにおけるフィールド長の定義については、最低64バイトを確保すること。

--- 参考 ---

次の項目を順にセパレータ「_(アンダースコア)」で連結し、 identifier.value に設定する。グループ項目でない場合など、該当コード/番号がない場合はセパレータを連続で連結する。各コードはローカルコードを使用し、必ず設定できること。

 1.ORC-2(依頼者オーダ番号) SS-MIX2の15桁前ゼロ形式の番号

 2.OBR-4(検査項目ID) 検査セットの識別コード

 3.SPM-4(検体タイプ)

 4.OBX-3(検査項目)

 5.OBX-4(検査副ID)・・・オプション。必要に応じて使用。

形式:[ORC-2]_[OBR-4]_[SPM-4]_[OBX-3](_[OBX-4])"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.use">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.use"/>
      <definition value="The purpose of this identifier.

この識別子の目的。"/>
      <comment
               value="Applications can assume that an identifier is permanent unless it explicitly says that it is temporary.

アプリケーションは、identifierが一時的であると明示的に述べられない限り、永続的であると想定できる。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier.value">
      <path value="Observation.identifier.value"/>
      <definition
                  value="The portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system.

システムのコンテキスト内で一意の識別子となる文字列を設定。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.basedOn">
      <path value="Observation.basedOn"/>
      <definition
                  value="A plan, proposal or order that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this event.  For example, a MedicationRequest may require a patient to have laboratory test performed before  it is dispensed.

このプロファイルでは、検体検査オーダに関する情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolvable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc.). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.

【JP Core仕様】オーダ情報がある場合、このプロファイルでは ServiceRequest のリソースを参照する。オーダIDの情報はここで使用する。"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ServiceRequest"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.partOf">
      <path value="Observation.partOf"/>
      <definition
                  value="A larger event of which this particular Observation is a component or step.  For example,  an observation as part of a procedure.

このリソースが一部として、あるいは手順の一つとして含まれるより大きなイベント。"/>
      <comment
               value="To link an Observation to an Encounter use `encounter`.  See the  [Notes](observation.html#obsgrouping) below for guidance on referencing another Observation.

【JP Core仕様】当面は使用しない。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.status">
      <path value="Observation.status"/>
      <definition value="The status of the result value.

結果値の状態。"/>
      <comment
               value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark the resource as not currently valid.

【JP Core仕様】v2.5の「F」に相当する値は「final」であるが、ここでは 必須コード表「ObservationStatus」より、全てのコード値を使用可とする。

(registered | preliminary | final | amended |   corrected | cancelled | entered-in-error | unknown)"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category">
      <path value="Observation.category"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="pattern"/>
          <path value="$this"/>
        </discriminator>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <definition
                  value="A code that classifies the general type of observation being made.

行われた検査の一般的なタイプの分類。取得、表示の際のフィルタリングに使用。"/>
      <comment
               value="In addition to the required category valueset, this element allows various categorization schemes based on the owner’s definition of the category and effectively multiple categories can be used at once.  The level of granularity is defined by the category concepts in the value set.

【JP Core仕様】推奨コード表「ObservationCategoryCodes」より、このプロファイルでは「laboratory」固定とする。

(social-history | vital-signs | imaging | laboratory | procedure | survey | exam | therapy | activity)"/>
      <min value="1"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category.coding">
      <path value="Observation.category.coding"/>
      <comment
               value="Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.

【JP Core仕様】推奨コード表「ObservationCategoryCodes」より、このプロファイルでは「laboratory」固定とする。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category:laboratory">
      <path value="Observation.category"/>
      <sliceName value="laboratory"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <patternCodeableConcept>
        <coding>
          <system
                  value="http://terminology.hl7.org/CodeSystem/observation-category"/>
          <code value="laboratory"/>
        </coding>
      </patternCodeableConcept>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code">
      <path value="Observation.code"/>
      <definition
                  value="Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation &quot;name&quot;.

検査の内容の説明。検査名称。"/>
      <comment value="*JLAC10"/>
      <binding>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="MEDIS 臨床検査マスター"/>
        <valueSet
                  value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/ValueSet/JP_ObservationLabResultCode_VS"/>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.

コード体系によって定義されたコードへの参照。"/>
      <comment
               value="Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.

【JP Core仕様】SS-MIX2にならい、標準コード、ローカルコードの2つを設定可能とし、いずれか一方は必須とする。さらにJLAC10とJLAC11などの複数の標準コードも設定できるよう、上限は設けない。

標準コード、ローカルコードの2つまで格納可。順不同。
SS-MIX2だとCWE.1 ~CWE.3に標準コード、CWE.4~CWE.6にローカルコード、など(順不同)。"/>
      <min value="1"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.system">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.system"/>
      <definition
                  value="The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.

コード体系。"/>
      <comment
               value="The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should reference to some definition that establishes the system clearly and unambiguously.

【JP Core仕様】標準コードの場合、JLAC10を表すURIを設定。

URIは本WGで定義する。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.code">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.code"/>
      <comment value="Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.display">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.display"/>
      <comment value="Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding.userSelected">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.userSelected"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - e.g. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).

このコードが利用者によって、例えば利用可能なコードの選択リストから、など、直接選択されたものであることを示す。"/>
      <comment
               value="Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely.

【JP Core仕様】当面は未使用とする。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.text">
      <path value="Observation.code.text"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user.

コードの表示名。報告書などに記載する場合に使用する表示名。コードを複数指定した場合(標準コード、ローカルコード)、その一般的な表現。"/>
      <comment
               value="Very often the text is the same as a displayName of one of the codings.

【JP Core仕様】このプロファイルでは、表示名として必須とする。

多くの場合、coding.display と同一になるが、coding.display に異なる複数の表現が格納される場合を想定し、code間で共通の表現として必須とする。"/>
      <min value="1"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.subject">
      <path value="Observation.subject"/>
      <definition
                  value="The patient, or group of patients, location, or device this observation is about and into whose record the observation is placed. If the actual focus of the observation is different from the subject (or a sample of, part, or region of the subject), the `focus` element or the `code` itself specifies the actual focus of the observation.

検体検査の対象となる患者。"/>
      <comment
               value="One would expect this element to be a cardinality of 1..1. The only circumstance in which the subject can be missing is when the observation is made by a device that does not know the patient. In this case, the observation SHALL be matched to a patient through some context/channel matching technique, and at this point, the observation should be updated.
【JP Core仕様】このプロファイルでは、Patient 限定、かつ必須とする。"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://jpfhir.jp/fhir/core/StructureDefinition/JP_Patient"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.focus">
      <path value="Observation.focus"/>
      <definition
                  value="The actual focus of an observation when it is not the patient of record representing something or someone associated with the patient such as a spouse, parent, fetus, or donor. For example, fetus observations in a mother's record.  The focus of an observation could also be an existing condition,  an intervention, the subject's diet,  another observation of the subject,  or a body structure such as tumor or implanted device.   An example use case would be using the Observation resource to capture whether the mother is trained to change her child's tracheostomy tube. In this example, the child is the patient of record and the mother is the focus.

患者当人ではなく、患者の胎児、親、ドナーなどの検査、観察の場合、その対象を示す。"/>
      <comment
               value="Typically, an observation is made about the subject - a patient, or group of patients, location, or device - and the distinction between the subject and what is directly measured for an observation is specified in the observation code itself ( e.g., &quot;Blood Glucose&quot;) and does not need to be represented separately using this element.  Use `specimen` if a reference to a specimen is required.  If a code is required instead of a resource use either  `bodysite` for bodysites or the standard extension [focusCode](extension-observation-focuscode.html).
【JP Core仕様】当面は未使用とする。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.encounter">
      <path value="Observation.encounter"/>
      <definition
                  value="The healthcare event  (e.g. a patient and healthcare provider interaction) during which this observation is made.

この検査が行われるヘルスケアイベント。医療提供者と患者の接点。"/>
      <comment
               value="This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some events may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter but still be tied to the context of the encounter (e.g. pre-admission laboratory tests).

【JP Core仕様】入院外来の区別や所在場所、担当診療科の情報に使用する。

※このプロファイルの用途では通常は必須と考えられるが、ユースケースにより使用されない場合を考慮し、1..1に制約しない。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.effective[x]">
      <path value="Observation.effective[x]"/>
      <definition
                  value="The time or time-period the observed value is asserted as being true. For biological subjects - e.g. human patients - this is usually called the &quot;physiologically relevant time&quot;. This is usually either the time of the procedure or of specimen collection, but very often the source of the date/time is not known, only the date/time itself.

検体検査の場合は、検体採取日時。"/>
      <comment
               value="At least a date should be present unless this observation is a historical report.  For recording imprecise or &quot;fuzzy&quot; times (For example, a blood glucose measurement taken &quot;after breakfast&quot;) use the [Timing](datatypes.html#timing) datatype which allow the measurement to be tied to regular life events.

【JP Core仕様】このプロファイルでは、検体採取日時を設定し、必須とする。

effectiveInstant

instant型はイベント発生のログ時間であり、未使用とする。"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Timing"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.issued">
      <path value="Observation.issued"/>
      <definition
                  value="The date and time this version of the observation was made available to providers, typically after the results have been reviewed and verified.

この情報の発生日時。システム時刻であり、人が報告する時刻ではないことに注意。このリソースの発生時間と同じになる場合がある。"/>
      <comment
               value="For Observations that don’t require review and verification, it may be the same as the [`lastUpdated` ](resource-definitions.html#Meta.lastUpdated) time of the resource itself.  For Observations that do require review and verification for certain updates, it might not be the same as the `lastUpdated` time of the resource itself due to a non-clinically significant update that doesn’t require the new version to be reviewed and verified again.

【JP Core仕様】検査結果が**システムにより**Observationリソースに格納または更新された日時。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.performer">
      <path value="Observation.performer"/>
      <definition
                  value="Who was responsible for asserting the observed value as &quot;true&quot;.

検査値を確認した責任者。検査実施責任者情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolvable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc.). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.

【JP Core仕様】検査に直接責任を負う個人(つまり検査を実行、もしくは検証した人)の識別子。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.value[x]">
      <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="type"/>
          <path value="$this"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="同じ検査項目でも、システム(施設)により、使うデータ型が異なる可能性あり。【詳細参照】"/>
      <definition
                  value="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.

検体検査の結果として決定された情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="以下のデータ型はSS-MIX2では未使用のため、未使用とした。今後の議論で使用の必要性が出れば復活させる。

valueBoolean

valueInteger :検査結果値を整数値(Integer)で定義したい場合に指定する。ただし、valueQuantityで単位付き数値を示すので、通常は使わない。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「NW」の時の OBX-5(結果値)

valueRange

valueRatio

valueSampledData

valueTime :検査結果値が「時間」の場合、その時間を指定する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「TM」の時の OBX-5(結果値)

valueDateTime :検査結果値が「日時」の場合、その日時を指定する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「DT」の時の OBX-5(結果値)

valuePeriod"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.valueQuantity">
      <path value="Observation.valueQuantity"/>
      <short
             value="検査結果が「数値」の場合、値、単位を設定する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「NM」の時の OBX-5(結果値)、OBX-6(単位)【詳細参照】"/>
      <comment
               value="valueQuantity.value :結果値(数値)を定義。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5:OBX-5(結果値)

valueQuantity.comparator :QuantityComparator Value setから設定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ 検体検査結果メッセージでは未使用となっているデータ型だが、SN型のSN.1(比較演算子)が該当する。検査値の「0未満」の場合の「未満」などに相当するコードを設定。

valueQuantity.unit :.systemで示す単位のValue setの文字列を指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-6(単位) CWE.2 テキスト

valueQuantity.system :単位のValue set名を指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-6(単位) CWE.3 コード体系 HL7では「ISO+」だが、ローカルコード99zzzのHL7標準の「ISO+」が示すOID、ローカルコードの場合はOIDを別途取得必要

valueQuantity.code :.systemで示す単位のValue setのコードを指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-6(単位) CWE.1 識別子"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.valueCodeableConcept">
      <path value="Observation.valueCodeableConcept"/>
      <short
             value="検査結果が「コード値」の場合、コード、テキスト、コードのValue setを定義する。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「CWE」の時の OBX-5(結果値)【詳細参照】"/>
      <comment
               value="valueCodeableConcept.coding :ローカルコードと国際標準コードなど複数指定できる。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWEは正規コード+代替コードの2種類登録可能。

valueCodeableConcept.coding.system :対象のValue set名を指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.3 or 6 コード体系。対象コードの OIDを設定

valueCodeableConcept.coding.version :対象のValue setのバージョンを指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.7 コード体系バージョン ID valueCodeableConcept.coding.code :対象のValue setのコードを指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.1 or 4 識別子。対象コードシステムのコード

valueCodeableConcept.coding.display :対象のValue setのテキストを指定。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.2 or 5 テキスト。対象コードの名称

valueCodeableConcept.coding.userselected :未使用。

valueCodeableConcept.text :コードが示す意味を指定する。通常は.coding.displayの値を指定するが、複数ある場合は適宜編集すること。 SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ CWE.2 テキスト。coding.display と同じ。"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.valueString">
      <path value="Observation.valueString"/>
      <short
             value="検査結果値が「文字列」の場合、その文字列を指定する。SS-MIX2/HL7 V2.5→ OBX-2=「ST」の時の OBX-5(結果値)"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.dataAbsentReason">
      <path value="Observation.dataAbsentReason"/>
      <definition
                  value="Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing.

検査結果値が欠落している理由。"/>
      <comment
               value="Null or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations.  One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value.  For example, measurement values for a serology test could be  &quot;detected&quot;, &quot;not detected&quot;, &quot;inconclusive&quot;, or  &quot;specimen unsatisfactory&quot;.   

The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values.  For example, the dataAbsentReason code &quot;error&quot; could be used when the measurement was not completed. Note that an observation may only be reported if there are values to report. For example differential cell counts values may be reported only when &gt; 0.  Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for null or exceptional values.

【JP Core仕様】SS-MIX2で未使用だが、valueの欠落時に使用する必要があり、重要な項目である。

制約「obs-6」に示す通り、valueが存在する場合、当該項目は存在してはならない。

textのみでの使用は基本的に不可とし、必ずcodingを設定すること。

(unknown |   asked-unknown |   temp-unknown |   not-asked |   asked-declined | masked | not-applicable | unsupported | as-text | error |   not-a-number |   negative-infinity |   positive-infinity | not-performed | not-permitted)"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.interpretation">
      <path value="Observation.interpretation"/>
      <short value="High, low, normal, etc. 高、低、正常など"/>
      <definition
                  value="A categorical assessment of an observation value.  For example, high, low, normal.

検査結果値の、(高、低、正常)といったカテゴリー評価。結果報告書に記載されることもある情報。"/>
      <comment
               value="Historically used for laboratory results (known as 'abnormal flag' ),  its use extends to other use cases where coded interpretations  are relevant.  Often reported as one or more simple compact codes this element is often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result.

【JP Core仕様】拡張可コード表「ObservationInterpretationCodes」を使用する。

コード表が大きいため、下記参照。

https://www.hl7.org/fhir/R4/valueset-observation-interpretation.html"/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result.

特に数値結果については、結果の重要性を完全に理解するために解釈を必要とする場合がある。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note">
      <path value="Observation.note"/>
      <definition
                  value="Comments about the observation or the results.

検査、あるいは結果に関するコメント。フリーテキストの追加情報として使用可能。"/>
      <comment
               value="May include general statements about the observation, or statements about significant, unexpected or unreliable results values, or information about its source when relevant to its interpretation."/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note.time">
      <path value="Observation.note.time"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.note.text">
      <path value="Observation.note.text"/>
      <comment
               value="Systems are not required to have markdown support, so the text should be readable without markdown processing. The markdown syntax is GFM - see https://github.github.com/gfm/"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.bodySite">
      <path value="Observation.bodySite"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates the site on the subject's body where the observation was made (i.e. the target site).

検査が行われた患者の体の部位。検体検査に関しては、当面は使用しない。"/>
      <comment
               value="Only used if not implicit in code found in Observation.code.  In many systems, this may be represented as a related observation instead of an inline component.   

If the use case requires BodySite to be handled as a separate resource (e.g. to identify and track separately) then use the standard extension[ bodySite](extension-bodysite.html).

【JP Core仕様】当面は未使用とする。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.method">
      <path value="Observation.method"/>
      <short value="How it was done 実施の方法"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates the mechanism used to perform the observation.

検体検査の検査方法、測定方法。"/>
      <comment
               value="Only used if not implicit in code for Observation.code.

Observation.code の code から測定方法が暗黙的でない場合にのみ使用する。

【JP Core仕様】Observation.code に JLAC10コードを使用する場合、測定方法コードが含まれているため method は使用しない。Observation.code から測定方法が判明しない場合や、実際の測定方法が異なる場合に使用することになるが、現状では運用が困難と想定されるため、当面は未使用とする。"/>
      <requirements
                    value="In some cases, method can impact results and is thus used for determining whether results can be compared or determining significance of results.

場合により、測定方法は結果に影響を与える可能性があるため、結果を比較できるかどうかを判断したり、結果の重要性を判断したりするために使用される。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.specimen">
      <path value="Observation.specimen"/>
      <definition
                  value="The specimen that was used when this observation was made.

この検査に使用された検体(標本)。"/>
      <comment
               value="Should only be used if not implicit in code found in `Observation.code`.  Observations are not made on specimens themselves; they are made on a subject, but in many cases by the means of a specimen. Note that although specimens are often involved, they are not always tracked and reported explicitly. Also note that observation resources may be used in contexts that track the specimen explicitly (e.g. Diagnostic Report).

【JP Core仕様】検体検査プロファイルでは必須とする。"/>
      <min value="1"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.device">
      <path value="Observation.device"/>
      <definition
                  value="The device used to generate the observation data.

検査装置、機器。"/>
      <comment
               value="Note that this is not meant to represent a device involved in the transmission of the result, e.g., a gateway.  Such devices may be documented using the Provenance resource where relevant.

【JP Core仕様】検査に使用した機器等の情報に使用する。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange"/>
      <definition
                  value="Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range.  Multiple reference ranges are interpreted as an &quot;OR&quot;.   In other words, to represent two distinct target populations, two `referenceRange` elements would be used.

推奨範囲として結果値を解釈するためのガイダンス。基準値。"/>
      <comment
               value="Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient's age, gender, weight and other factors), but this might not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties.

【JP Core仕様】可能な限りlow、highに構造化すべき。構造化できない場合、あるいはlow、highに該当しない場合はtextを使用。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.low">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.low"/>
      <comment
               value="The context of use may frequently define what kind of quantity this is and therefore what kind of units can be used. The context of use may also restrict the values for the comparator."/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.high">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.high"/>
      <comment
               value="The context of use may frequently define what kind of quantity this is and therefore what kind of units can be used. The context of use may also restrict the values for the comparator."/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.type">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.type"/>
      <definition
                  value="Codes to indicate the what part of the targeted reference population it applies to. For example, the normal or therapeutic range.

対象となる母集団のどの部分に適用するかを示すコード。正常範囲、要治療範囲、など。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo"/>
      <definition
                  value="Codes to indicate the target population this reference range applies to.  For example, a reference range may be based on the normal population or a particular sex or race.  Multiple `appliesTo`  are interpreted as an &quot;AND&quot; of the target populations.  For example, to represent a target population of African American females, both a code of female and a code for African American would be used.

基準値が適用される母集団を示すコード。人種、性別など。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.age">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.age"/>
      <definition
                  value="The age at which this reference range is applicable. This is a neonatal age (e.g. number of weeks at term) if the meaning says so.

基準値が適用される年齢。新生児の場合、週数もありうる。"/>
      <comment
               value="The stated low and high value are assumed to have arbitrarily high precision when it comes to determining which values are in the range. I.e. 1.99 is not in the range 2 -&gt; 3."/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.text">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.text"/>
      <definition
                  value="Text based reference range in an observation which may be used when a quantitative range is not appropriate for an observation.  An example would be a reference value of &quot;Negative&quot; or a list or table of &quot;normals&quot;.

量的範囲で表せない場合などに使用する。"/>
      <comment value="Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.hasMember">
      <path value="Observation.hasMember"/>
      <definition
                  value="This observation is a group observation (e.g. a battery, a panel of tests, a set of vital sign measurements) that includes the target as a member of the group.

この検査が含まれるグループを示す。"/>
      <comment
               value="When using this element, an observation will typically have either a value or a set of related resources, although both may be present in some cases.  For a discussion on the ways Observations can assembled in groups together, see [Notes](observation.html#obsgrouping) below.  Note that a system may calculate results from [QuestionnaireResponse](questionnaireresponse.html)  into a final score and represent the score as an Observation.

【JP Core仕様】1検査で複数の検査項目が実施される場合の親検査項目を設定する。"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.derivedFrom">
      <path value="Observation.derivedFrom"/>
      <definition
                  value="The target resource that represents a measurement from which this observation value is derived. For example, a calculated anion gap or a fetal measurement based on an ultrasound image.

この検査値の発生元である関連リソース。例えば他のObservation を受けて、本検査値が発生した場合など。"/>
      <comment
               value="All the reference choices that are listed in this element can represent clinical observations and other measurements that may be the source for a derived value.  The most common reference will be another Observation.  For a discussion on the ways Observations can assembled in groups together, see [Notes](observation.html#obsgrouping) below."/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component">
      <path value="Observation.component"/>
      <definition
                  value="Some observations have multiple component observations.  These component observations are expressed as separate code value pairs that share the same attributes.  Examples include systolic and diastolic component observations for blood pressure measurement and multiple component observations for genetics observations.

一度のタイミングでの1回の検査で複数の結果を同時に得る場合にのみ使用される。例えば、血圧の収縮期、拡張期。新生児のApgarスコア。質問に対する複数の回答(飲んだアルコールの種類、など)。"/>
      <comment
               value="For a discussion on the ways Observations can be assembled in groups together see [Notes](observation.html#notes) below."/>
    </element>
  </differential>
</StructureDefinition>